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Since this method involves mouth-to-mouth contact, it is recommended for only those who need CPR that are in your family. We’d recommend taking a CPR certification course to become confident with this form of CPR so you’re prepared should a real-life emergency ever occur.

Step 1 - Check for Responsiveness

  • Firmly tap the person on the shoulder to gauge their responsiveness while asking, loudly, if they are OK.
  • If there’s no response from the person, call 911. If you’re not alone, ask someone else to call for help and retrieve an AED.
  • Feel for a pulse. If you cannot, begin chest compressions.
Adult CPR

Step 2 - Position Your Body

  • Kneel closely beside the person who has collapsed, and make sure they are face-up on a firm, flat surface.
  • Place the heel of one hand in the center of the chest between the nipples.
  • Place the heel of the other hand on top of the first hand, and then interlace your fingers.
  • Position your body so that your knees are close to the person and your shoulders are directly over your hands, keeping your arms straight.
adult cpr positioning

Step 3 - Begin Chest Compressions

  • Use your body weight to help you deliver compressions that are at least 2 inches deep.
  • Keep your arms straight.
  • Push hard at a rate of at least 100-120 compressions per minute.
  • Make sure to allow the chest to recoil and rise completely in between each compression.
adult cpr compressions

Step 4 - Start Rescue Breaths

  • After 30 compressions, move quickly to open the airway by tilting the forehead back and lifting the chin towards the ceiling.
  • Pinch the nose shut and place your open mouth over the person’s mouth and make a tight seal.
  • Blow a breath into the person’s mouth to make their chest rise.
  • Allow the person to exhale in between your breaths. Rescue breaths should be one second long.
adult cpr rescue breaths

Step 5 - Repeat

  • After completing 2 rescue breaths, immediately go back to 30 chest compressions, followed by 2 more rescue breaths.
  • Continue CPR until the person responds or an EMT or other trained responder arrives.
adult cpr repeat